Long Term Player Development

The reasons for such a plan:

  • More opportunities for young people to participate in judo
  • More judokas in the sport
  • More judokas achieving their aspirations through a higher standard of perormance

The 10 Year Rule

Scientific reserch has concluded that it takes, 10,000 hours of training (which is averaged over 10 years) to be world class at anthing(Ericsson et al. 1994 and 1994). Athlete development is not a short term process and shourt term goals must not be allowed to undermine long term athlete development.

6 Stages of LTPD for Judo

  • Fundamentals
  • Prestart – Learning to Train
  • Start – Training to Train
  • Potential – Training to Compete
  • Performance – Training to Win
  • Retainment – Retire and Retrain

Fundamental Stage

Judo Specific Objectives:

  • Introdution to wide range of throwing and holding skills with the emphasis on multi-directional movement(uke moving backwards, forwards,sideways, circle).
  • Throwing skills should be done using a standard sleeve and lapel grip on both the left and right side.
  • The concept of breaking the opponents balance should be introduced.
  • Introduction and development of falling skills – forward, back, both sides and rollling breakfalls.
  • Introduction to basic groundwork using simple moves into holds, escapes and combinations.
  • Basic transference from throwing using simple movement patterns.
  • Incorporation of athletic and gymnastic skilss into judo training.

Supplementary Knowledge:

  • Sport is fun and good for you!
  • Introduction to good nutritional practice and enyoument of healthy food (education for the parents).
  • Understanding the role of personal sygiene and health.
  • Introduction to core stabilisation training using medicine balls, swiss balls and own body strenght exercises. The aim of this is to effectively recruit the trunk musculature and then learn to control the position of the lumbar spind during dynamic movments.
  • Optimise flexibility.
  • Introduction to Japanese terminoloty
  • Introduction to discipline and etiquette and understanding of sports ethos.

Prestart – Leaning to Train

Judo Specific Objectives:

  • Continued develpment of a wide range of multi -directional throwing ( off one and two feet) and holding skills.
  • Introcution to uchikomi drills – standing and ground work – shadow, static and dynamic.
  • Early speciallisation of personal techniques including development of some techniques on the weaker side.
  • The suitability of techniqes for person build.
  • The long term effects of sthe technique.
  • Introduction to transition from tachiwaza to newaza.
  • Introdution to combination and counter techniques.
  • Introduction to gripping skills – standard left and right, specific to technique.

Supplementary Knowledge:

  • Develop flexibility and optimise range of motion about the major joints.
  • Development of Japanese terminoloty
  • Introduction to knowledge of competition systems.
  • Introducing more responsiblity to good nutritional and hydration practice.
  • Introuduction to concept of recovery and regeneration.
  • Concept of healthy lifestyle.
  • Development of core stabilisation training using Medicine balls, Swiss balls and own body weight exercises.

Start Stage – Training to Train

Judo Specific Objectives:

  • Continued and further develpment of broad range of judo skills.
  • Introduction of armlocks and strangles.
  • Continued development and further specialisation and develpment of own techniques.
  • Development of transition from tachiwaza to newaza.
  • Development of combination and counter techniques.
  • Introcution to coping with an d countering opposition style and gripping i.e . traditional, Japanses, Korean, French and Eastern European styles with one – sided , over the shoulder, wrap around grips and other techical derivatives from wrestling styles common dor todays performance judo.
  • Introductionh and develpment of competition – specific techiques and tactis including use of the contest area.
  • Introduction to decision making i.e. anticipaiton of opponents move, not reacting but pro- acting and techical and tactiacal dicision making.

Suppplementary Knowledge:

  • Development of personal responsibility for nutrition, hydration, recovery and regeneration, lifestyle management.
  • Introduction to ancillary capacities – dynamic worm up/cool down, nutrition, hydration, taper and peak, recovery and regeneration, cultureal and lifestyle.
  • Towards the end of the stage, developm concept of tapering to peak performance.
  • Introdution and education regarding doping contol and substance abuse.
  • Flexibility should be emphasised (very important in maturing individual) and developed.
  • Knowledge and education regarding weight categories.
  • Knowledge of various squad systems, performance opportunities and competition pathways.
  • Introduction to prehabititation (prevention versus treatment) and injury management.

Potential Stage – Training to Compete

Judo Specific Objectives:

  • Continued development of judo skills relevant to: the competition climate, rule changes, emergence of new styles, defenses, techniques etc.
  • Development of specialisation of a players own tchniques with emphasis on competition specific skills and tactics.
  • Encouragement of orignality and innovation.
  • Refinement of transition from tachiwaza to newaza.
  • Development of coping with and countering opposition style and gripping.
  • Further development of contest strategies and decision-making under pressure.
  • Refinement of multidirectional combination and counter techniques.

Supplementary Knowledge:

  • Optimise and maximise ancillary capacities through individualised routines- dynamic warm up and structured cool – down, nutrition (including individual nutritional strategies and food preparation), hydration, tapering training to allow for peak performances, recovery (inclulding the use of ice baths and swimming pool recovery sessions) and regeneration, cultural and lifestyle demands of performance sport.
  • Optimise and maximise weightlifting and physical training techniqes and their integration into the overall programme. At this stage it is important to clearly identify physical limitations and to work on them. weight training sessions should include pulling, pushing/pressing and trunk exercises. It is very important that correct posture and technique are established before load and intensity can be progressed. It is necessary that stregth be established before strenght endurance begins.
  • Introduction to weight control practives and the development of in dividual strategies to achieve this.
  • Knowledge of various squads systems and competition ranking systems.
  • Optimise individaul strategies for injury prevention and be familiar with appropriate injury management procedures.
  • The should be development of understanding and utilisation of performance analysis.
  • Develop approaches to tapering to peak performance.
  • Maintenance of flexbility to suit specific individual needs.

Performance Stage – Training to Win

Judo Specific Objectives:

  • Continued development and refinement of individual – specific techniques with emphasis on competiton specific skills and tactics.
  • Continued refinement of transition from tachiwaza to newaza.
  • Further refinement of multi – directional combination and counter techniques.
  • Refinement of comping with and countering opposition style and gripping
  • Further development of contest strategies.
  • Continued encouragement of orginality and innovation.

Supplementary Knowledge:

  • Maximise individual approaches to ancillary capacities – dyamic warm up and structured cool down, nutrition(including individual nutritional strategies and food preparation), hydration, tapering training to alllow for peak performance, recovery (including the use of ice baths and swimming pool recovery sessions) and regeneration, cultural and lifestyle demands of the performance sport.
  • Maximise weightlifiting and physical training techniques and their intergration into the overall programme. Weight training sessions could include progressions on pulling, pushing/pressing and truck exercises. It is important to ensure tha physical limiting gactores are being addressed in an integrated training programme.
  • Conditioning is judo specific, off mat sessions must tie in with judo sessions
  • The optimisation of effective weight control practices.
  • Understand responsibility for healthly lifestyle role modelling and promotion.
  • Maintenance of flexibiltiy to suit specific individual needs.